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Moon: the oxygen on which future lunar colonies will be based

Moon: the oxygen on which future lunar colonies will be based

The return on the moon man is an increasingly important target for several space agencies. This interest has therefore led to new studies regarding our natural satellite. One of these concerns theAustralian Space Agencyin collaboration with the NASA, who wants to send a rover to the aforementioned space rock. The aim will be to study the rocks present which could provide oxygen for future lunar colonies. According to previous findings, the Moon is rich in oxygen. Unlike our planet, however, it would not be found in gaseous form, but rather trapped in regolite which is the layer of rock and surface dust. In this case the goal is therefore to understand how to extract it to use it directly on site without the need for continuous supplies.

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Moon and oxygen

The lunar regolith is apparently made up for good 45% oxygen which is in fact linked to other materials such as silica, aluminum, magnesium and others. Already on earth through theelectrolysis waste oxygen is created for separation from aluminum. The process that would be used on the Moon would be exactly the same except that the waste product would become aluminum; obviously the latter would have a usefulness. The technology therefore exists to be able to create a self-sufficient colony in this sense, but there would be another problem to be solved, again on this issue. The machines that carry out these processes they require a large amount of energy and in fact, therefore, the challenge is this, to create a system capable of producing a lot of energy on the Moon. Since electricity is needed for practically everything nowadays, there are many experts and companies that are working to create lunar systems for energy production so surely the solution will come sooner or later.