China: Find evidence of modern culture from 40,000 years ago
Ancient humans reached Eurasia about 2 million years ago, but the timeline of these modern types is not yet known. In any case, about 40,000 years ago modern man reached North Asia, replacing the archaic populations. A group of archaeologists have found some modern remains from this period, but it’s still a mystery how theirs were cultural adaptations.
Precisely these scholars have suggested small indirect but convincing evidence of the presence of a **** Sapiens north of China dating back to around 40,000 years ago. They also appear to have developed a unique stone culture, which appeared at least 10,000 years later. Evidence found in Xiamabei includes the first discovery of ocher processing in the regiondistinct from the use of ocher, which was also found among Neanderthals.
China, evidence of modern culture discovered 40,000 years ago
A second aspect is the stone lamellas that have finally been worked on, never found before in China. Evidence to support this is the separate discovery of human remains dating from that period in the nearby Tianyuan Cave and the Zhoukoudian Cave. A modern skullcap has also been unearthed in Salkhit and dated to around 34,000 years ago. These discoveries support the theory that the producers of Xiamabei were modern men.
However, since no bones were found, the remains could belong to high hominids, such as the deceased Denisovans, cousins of the Neanderthals. Given the unique qualities of the finds in the context of China and the fact that modern human remains from the same period have been discovered in the area, the more sparing explanation is that the Xiamabei occupants were **** sapiens. The latter wandered beyond Africa just before our evolution, some 300,000 years ago. Recent discoveries in Israel and Greece indicate that within 200,000 years the first modern humans were out of and around Africa. Genetic analyzes show that these early modern humans evidently encountered and rejoiced with other species outside of Africa.
Advance on the times
Some speculate that the sapiens had evolved to another level, which gave it crucial advantages over its equally large-brained cousin species. Three lines of evidence were identified in the study that indicate innovations that may have helped sapiens expand: micro-blades and their sharpening, ocher processing, and a well-shaped bone tool. The team found 382 micro-blades, made of local flint and quartz. Most of them measured less than 4 centimeters; over half were smaller than 2 centimeters. This highlighted their advance in their time as microlithic technology would become fundamental in Asia only 29,000 years later.
The use of ocher was a hallmark of the **** line prior to our species, apparently. Mostly red ocher. The crumbly, colored stone may have been used by **** erectus in Kenya 285,000 years ago. Archaeologists believe that the occupants in Xiamabei carried various types of ocher to the cave and they grinded and pounded them to produce paints. We don’t know if these people survived, but separate work has shown that the lineage of their neighbors in Tianyuan 40,000 years ago may have survived in some Asian and Native American populations. It is still all an open book as there is a lot to study.
Image by Qamera from Pixabay