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Stonehenge solar calendar deciphered: mystery solved?



Stonehenge solar calendar deciphered: mystery solved?


A new study explains how Stonehenge It might have been originally used to plot a calendar year of just over 365 days. The new discoveries are based on a ‘analysis of the number and location of the stones that make up the archaeological site, as well as comparisons with other ancient calendar systems that may have influenced the builders of Stonehenge.

This investigation was developed on the basis of a previous study, which revealed that the stones that make up most of the monument all came from the same source. This means that they may have been placed at the same time. Based on this assumption, archaeologist Timothy Darvill of Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom analyzed the positioning of the different rings that make up the monument and how they might have been linked to a calendar.

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Archaeologists have long suspected that Stonehenge represented a kind of calendaras the monument is positioned and aligned with i solstices. According to Darvill, it works in a very simple way: each of the 30 stones that make up the Sarsen Circle represents a day of the month. In turn, this circle is divided into three weeks, each of 10 days. “The leap month, probably dedicated to the site’s deities, is represented by the five triliths in the center of the site,” added the researcher.

The four stones outside the circle provide the markers to fit a leap day. Like a solar calendar, the summer and winter solstices could be seen annually on the same stone pairs, which would also help fix any positional errors.

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No monument formation appears to match the 12-month year. However, the study states that some stones that were lost or moved from the location could be responsible for this temporal inconsistency.

However, Stonehenge has been split into two parts to suit the solstices

The solar calendar – which lasts, on average, just over 365 days and 5 hours – was developed in the eastern Mediterranean from 3000 BC, adopted in Egypt around 2700 BC and widely used in the Old Kingdom in 2600 BC I don’t know how this is. knowledge came to southern England at that time.

The scientific article with the results was published in Antiquity.