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Diabetes: Covid-19 could be behind the increases in cases

Diabetes: Covid-19 could be behind the increases in cases

Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic researchers have and are still studying i possible cases in marked increase of diabetes. As we know the latter is a chronic condition that it is unable to control blood sugars. The researchers, given this sharp increase in cases, want to try to understand if it actually exists a connection between the two conditions or is it a simple coincidence.

A new CDC report looked at two large databases that included information on new diabetes cases from March 2020 to June 2021. The study results suggested that diabetes was more common among children who had COVID-19. Conversely, the report found no difference between the two types of diabetes, type 1 which usually begins in childhood, type 2 which is linked to being overweight.

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Covid-19, a possible link with the increase in diabetes cases

Cases of both types have increased in children, especially in recent years, but according to reports from Europe, this increase may have occurred more often during the pandemic. In some hospitals studied he saw a 30% increase in type 1 diabetes, compared to previous years of the pandemic. It is still unclear how many of these patients have had Covid-19, but there could be a real connection. Type 1 diabetes develops when the pancreasan organ near the kidneys, produces little or no insulina hormone that controls blood sugar.

It is thought that involve an autoimmune reaction. This means that the body’s defense system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Patients must use the insulin produced to address the condition. It has long been believed that certain infections can trigger the same autoimmune reaction. With Covid-19 it is not clear whether this is a direct effect or depends on other factors not yet understood. However, it is hoped that this study will help us understand the trigger of the causes of type 1 diabetes. For example, at Rady Children’s Hospital in San Diego, cases of type 1 diabetes in children increased by 60% in the first year of pandemic.

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The possible differences between the two types of diabetes

Only 2% of those children had had active Covid-19. The report had no information on any previous infections. However, the sharp increase was surprising and clearly there is a lot more work to be done to try and answer why it is happening. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, affects adults more. It changes the way the body uses insulin, leading to poorly controlled blood sugar. The causes are uncertain but genetics, overweight, inactivity and unhealthy eating habits play a role. Sometimes it can be treated or cured with lifestyle changes.

The increase in this type could reflect the conditions we experienced during the pandemic. This could include delayed medical care for early signs of diabetes, eating habits, and excessive inactivity for people already at risk of developing diabetes. ******* drugs which are sometimes used to reduce inflammation in hospitalized patients with infections including Covid-19 can cause blood sugar increases that lead to diabetes. Sometimes the condition goes away after the ******** are stopped, but not always. The physical stress of Covid-19 can lead to a rise in blood sugar and temporary diabetes.

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According to further studies, Covid-19 could attack insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This could certainly lead to temporary diabetes. Researchers try to find out if the condition progresses faster in those who have had Covid-19. Such a study could help show how or if the infection could affect the development of diabetes.

Image by Tesa Robbins from Pixabay