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Coffee: Could become expensive and scarce due to climate change

Coffee: Could become expensive and scarce due to climate change

Due to numerous climate changes, the world could lose much of the land under coffee cultivation. At the moment, Brazil is the largest coffee producer in the world, which will see its land decrease by about 75%. This is the result of a new study conducted by scientists in Switzerland who evaluated it possible impacts of climate change on coffee, cashews and avocados.

All three of these foods are major crops marketed around the world that are produced by small producers in the tropics. While coffee primarily serves as a stimulating drinkavocados and cashews are widely consumed food crops that are rich in monounsaturated vegetable oils and other beneficial nutrients.

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Due to climate change, coffee could decrease and become more expensive

The study suggests that Predicted climate change is likely to result in a significant drop in the amount of land suitable for cultivation of these crops. In turn, this could impact both growers and consumers around the world. Studies so far have focused on staple foods such as wheat, corn, potatoes and seeds that are grown in temperate areas. On the contrary, there was less work on tropical ecosystems which make up about 40% of the earth’s surface where more than 3 billion people are earning a living, with an additional 1 billion people expected to do so by 2050.

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The new research substantially confirms and extends the findings of the relatively small number of existing studies on coffee, cashew and avocado crops. The new innovation of the studio constitutes the fact of examine the soil and soil parameters as well as the classic climatic factors. This provides a more nuanced view of future impacts that could significantly change the suitability of some tropical regions for cultivation. Plus the study integrates further research on palm oil. often linked to deforestation, the oil palm is still one of the most important tropical crops in terms of human nutrition, helping to feed more than 3 billion people.

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The team looked at several model analyzes of how climate change could influence the incidence of diseases and overall mortality in the oil palm. The clear conclusion was that tree mortality is likely to increase significantly after 2050, probably wiping out much of the crop in the Americas. Parts of China, Argentina and the United States are likely to become more suitable for growing coffee just as artists like Brazil and Colombia see their land become less suitable.

Therefore, it will be necessary for us to adapt the changes taking place in the tropics, for example shifting the cultivation of specific crops to different regions where the climatic impacts will be more favorable. In terms of coffee, it might as well go from a cheap everyday drink to a delicacy to be tasted on special occasionsa bit like a good wine.

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Image by Ri Butov from Pixabay